The first thing to do if you have a skin reaction is to remove the jewelry.
To relieve your skin, apply a cold compress until the itching subsides.
After which, it is strongly recommended that you no longer wear this jewel on the skin, at the risk of again provoking an allergic reaction.
If the skin reaction is severe, it is best to consult your doctor or a dermatologist, who will prescribe a cream suitable for your situation. It is also possible to go to an allergist, who will determine the cause of the allergic reaction. Your doctor will test several substances to determine which substances you are allergic to.
It is also possible that the skin reactions come from poor hygiene. We are thinking in particular of the earrings whose stem must be disinfected with alcohol or disinfectant. This is to avoid introducing bacteria when the rod penetrates through the ear.
First of all, you should know that gold and silver are so-called non-allergenic metals, which means that they do not cause a skin reaction when they come into contact with the skin.
However, the jewelry that we wear, whether gold or silver, is never made of 100% pure metal because their physical properties do not allow them to be easily used in jewelry.
This is why jewelers use an alloy of metals such as copper, pewter, bronze and brass. It is these metals that can cause allergic reactions to some people.
The most well-known allergenic metal is nickel due to the frequent sensitivity of a large part of the population. The skin reaction from exposure to nickel is manifested by redness, itching or eczema.
Most jewelry allergies are due to the presence of nickel.
n Europe, there is a standard that legislates the use of nickel in jewelry. This is because nickel cannot be used in the rods which are introduced into the pierced ears, unless the nickel release rate is less than 0.2 micrograms per square centimeter per week. It also cannot be used in items intended to come into direct and prolonged contact with the skin such as earrings, necklaces, chains, bracelets and rings, unless the nickel release rate which is released is less than 0.5 micrograms per square centimeter per week.
The quantity of nickel in European jewelry is therefore low or even zero.
To be on the safe side, you can apply a layer of dermatological transparent varnish to your jewelry so that your skin does not come into contact with the metal. You can get one in pharmacies or on the internet. Note that you have to repeat this operation frequently because the varnish tends to come off.
In Asia, the quantity of nickel is often higher than European standards and the descriptions of the jewels do not always reflect the reality, which is why we do not recommend them.
To avoid all risks, it is also possible to buy jewelry with the words “Nickel Free”. All jewelry sold on our site is guaranteed nickel, lead and cadmium free.
Si vous vous posez encore des questions concernant les bijoux, nous vous invitons à continuer la série d’articles consacrés à ce thème.